Health Effects of Stachybotrys Chartarum



This section of the Paradigm Change website lists medical journal articles on the health effects of Stachybotrys chartarum. 

Also referred to as “Stachy” or “black mold,” Stachybotrys is a toxin-producing mold present in many buildings that have been observed to be especially harmful to occupants’ health.

Most of the references listed here include brief abstracts of the study’s findings as well as a PMID number. To easily access longer abstracts of the articles (and in some cases the articles themselves), please go to the Pub Med website and type the PMID into the search box.

Those who are interested in the health effects of Stachybotrys also may want to read a Paradigm Change blog article on the topic, called “Losing My Defenses: An Interview with Dr. Enusha Karunasena on the Neurological Effects of Satratoxin.”


Review Articles

Allergies & Antibodies

Alveolar Issues

Cytokine Issues



Hematological Issues

Immune System Issues

Ingestion Issues

Neurological Issues

Oxidative Stress

Pulmonary Hypertension

Reproductive Issues

Respiratory Issues

Toxic Interactions


Previous Summary


This review was updated in July 2018.


Links on this page are in orange (no underlining).