Clinical Treatment of Mold Illness


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Dr. Keith Berndtson and Dr. Jill Carnahan at the 2016 Surviving Mold Conference.


This page summarizes links to information sources relevant to understanding and treating toxic mold illness, provided by physicians.

Much of the information cited here is appropriate for use in educating physicians and other health care providers about the issues involved.

Particularly useful for this purpose may be the white paper by Dr. Keith Berndtson; the journal article by Dr. Janette Hope; and the short book by Dr. Neil Nathan.

A list of doctors who have received positive comments from patients is on the Mold Illness Practitioners page of this website.


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Mary Ackerley, M.D.

Dr. Acklerley is a psychiatrist practicing in Arizona. Her Paradigm Change blog article “Brain on Fire: The Role of Toxic Mold in Triggering Psychiatric Symptoms” has been one of the most-read pagesx on the Paradigm Change sites over time.


Inhalational Alzheimer’s, Part 1 – Evolving Past Alzheimer’s, 2018

Inhalational Alzheimer’s, Part 2 – Evolving Past Alzheimer’s, 2018

Brain on Fire Webinar – Mold Illness Made Simple, 2017

Brain on Fire – Paradigm Change, 2014

Passion 4 Health Blog


Dr. Manny Alvarez, M.D.

Dr. Alvarez is Fox New Channel’s senior managing editor for health news. He is the chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Science at Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey and also an adjunct professor of obstetrics and gynecology at New York University School of Medicine. He wrote an article about toxic mold syndrome in 2017.


Fending Off Toxic Mold Syndrome – Fox News 2017


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Daniel Amen, M.D.

Dr. Amen is a psychiatrist who uses SPECT scans to measure brain damage and who has found obvious abnormalities in the brains of  mold patients.


How To Treat Chronic Illnesses – Amen Clinic, 2018

Does Mold Affect Your Brain? – Amen Clinic, 2017

Toxic Mold Syndrome – Amen Clinic, 2013

Mold Toxins and Brain Damage – Dr. Dave Ou, 2012

Moldy Movie – 2015



Josh Axe, DNM, DC, CNS

Dr. Axe has featured issues related to toxic mold a few times on his popular natural health website.


Black Mold Symptoms – 2017

Toxic Mold Causes Depression and More – 2010


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Keith Berndtson, M.D.

Dr. Berndtson is a physician who has written a number of articles and slide presentations presenting detailed information related to medical issues in mold illness patients. He also did a video interview with High Intensity Health in 2015.


CIRS Update – Better Health Guy, 2017

How To Assess and Treat Mold – Seeking Health Educational Institute, 2017

The Biotoxin Pathway V.2.0 – Slide Presentation, 2016

Mold Toxins Making You Fatigued and Sick? – High Intensity Health, 2015

Lyme Disease vs. Mold Toxicity – Surviving Mold Conference, 2014

Foreword – Back from the Edge, 2014

The Invisible Disease – Surviving Mold, 2014

Mast Cell Disorders – Slide Presentation, 2014

Mold Toxicity – Slide Presentation, 2013

Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome – White Paper, 2013


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Dale Bredesen, M.D.

Dr. Bredesen is a medical school professor at UCLA and an Alzheimer’s researcher. Recently he published a paper suggesting that one subsegment of Alzheimer’s patients appear to have mold toxicity as an important factor in their illnesses. He discusses the topic in his book The End of Alzheimer’s.


Inhalational Alzheimer’s and Mold Illness – Mold Illness Made Simple, 2018

The End of Alzheimer’s – 2017

Prevention and Treatment of Alzheimer’s – Chris Kresser, 2016


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Joseph Brewer, M.D.

Dr. Brewer is an infectious disease doctor who has long treated chronic fatigue syndrome patients with antivirals and other drugs. He now states that he believes that environmental mold exposures and fungal infections are key components of the illness.


Update on Mold Toxicity – The Cutting Edge of Health and Wellness Today, 2016

Mold Toxicity – The Cutting Edge of Health and Wellness Today, 2014

Detection of Mycotoxins in Patients with CFS – Toxins, 2013


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Andrew Campbell, M.D.

Dr. Campbell treated toxic mold illness for a number of years. He summarized some of his knowledge about the topic in a 90-minute video.


Toxins and Inflammation – Video Presentation, 2017

The Effects of Mycotoxins – Video Presentation, 2008


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Jill Carnahan, M.D.

Dr. Carnahan is an integrative physician and a cancer survivor who experienced mold toxicity issues subsequent to flooding in Boulder, Colorado, in 2013. She has done a number of interviews on the topic and offers a free guidebook to followers of her website.


Guidebook: I’ve Been Exposed To Mold – Now What?

Your Definitive Mold Clean-Up Guide – Dr. Jill Carnahan, 2018

Mold is a Trigger of Mast Cell Disorder – Dr. Jill Carnahan, 2018

Living with Mold Toxicity and CIRS – Dr. Jill Carnahan, 2018

Is There Mold in Your Coffee – Dr. Jill Carnahan, 2018

A Functional Physician’s Approach To Mold – Women’s Wellness Collaborative, 2017

Mast Cells and Mold Illness – Mold Illness Made Simple, 2017

Surprising Facts About Alzheimer’s – Dr. Jill Carnahan, 2017

Mold Can Cause Alzheimer’s – Dr. Jill Carnahan, 2017

Mast Cell Activation Syndrome – Theresa, 2017

Mold, Mycotoxins and CiRS – Dr. Michael Ruscio, 2017

Mold Toxicity & CIRS – Essentials of Healthy Living, 2017

Mast Cell Activation Syndrome – Better Health Guy, 2017

Mast Cell Activation Syndrome – Dr. Jill Carnahan, 2016

Dr. Jill Carnahan – The Ultimate Health Podcast, 2016

It Could Be Mold Experience Life, 2016

Breaking the Mold – Holistic Primary Care, 2015

Mold, Mycotoxins and Sick Building Syndrome – Underground Wellness, 2015

Mold Testing and Mold Toxins – High Intensity Health, 2015

Is Toxic Mold Exposure the Cause of Your Symptoms? – Dr. Jill Carnahan, 2015


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Jay Davidson, D.C., PsD.

Dr. Davidson focuses on treating Lyme disease and has discussed mold illness several times on his blog.


Mold: An Uninvited and Unwelcome Guest – 2018

The Connection Between Toxic Mold & Lyme Disease – 2018

The Safest and Healthiest Ways To Manage Mold – 2016

Indoor Air More Toxic Than Outdoor Air? – 2016

Toxins and Ancient Healing Strategies – 2016


Lauren Deville, N.M.D.

Dr. Deville has written about mold and biotoxin issues a number of times on her blog.


Biotoxins and Hair Loss – 2017

Lyme Disease and Mold – 2017

Mast Cell Activation Syndrome – 2017


Dr. Erica Elliott, M.D.

Dr. Elliott is a physician focusing on environmental medicine who practices in New Mexico. She has written about toxic mold on her blog.


Mental Illness : The Role of Mold – 2018


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Jill Crista Evenson, N.D.

Dr. Evenson is a naturopathic doctor who wrote an article on mold illness for Townsend Letter.


Mold Illness Explored – Townsend Letter, 2017


Dr. Farshid Sam Rahbar, M.D.

Dr. Rahbar is an integrative gastroenterologist practicing in Los Angeles. He participated in an interview about mold in 2018.


SIBO, Leaky Gut & Mold Illness – Mold Illness Made Simple, 2018



Sara Gottfried, M.D.

Dr. Gottfried is a best-selling author of books on hormone problems and other health issues. She has written a few articles on toxic mold illness.


Toxic Mold Exposure – Wise Mind Healthy Body, 2016

Mold Illness – Dr. Sara Gottfried, 2015


Dr. Michael Gray

Michael Gray, M.D.

Dr. Gray has been treating mold illness patients for more than 15 years in his Arizona practice and has written many journal papers on the topic. He discussed some of the issues in video interviews.


Mold Clean-Up – Video Presentation, 2018

Circulating Fluids – Video Presentation, 2017

Water Damaged Buildings and Mold – Video Presentation, 2017

The Link Between Mold and Adverse Health Effects –, 2013

The Hidden Dangers of Mold Exposure – CBN, 2009


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Sandeep Gupta, M.D.

Dr. Gupta is a physician in Australia. He has produced an introductory online course for mold illness patients and participated in a video interview.


Lyme, Stealth Infections and Mold – Video Presentation, 2017

CIRS Down Under – Better Health Guy, 2017

Mold Illness Made Simple Course


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Cathryn Harbor, M.D.

Dr. Harbor shared a video about issues with toxic mold and Lyme disease on her website.


Lyme Inflammation and Mold – Video Presentation, 2012


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Janette Hope, M.D.

Dr. Hope recovered from toxic mold illness herself and now treats patients with the disease. She wrote a journal article providing an overview on treating the disease and gave the keynote address focusing on mold illness issues at the 2015 Building Biology Conference. She also is featured in Dave Asprey’s 2015 film “Moldy.”


Cellular Molecular Effects of Mold and Mycotoxins – Building Biology Conference Keynote Address, 2015

Moldy Movie – 2015

On Location – Your Environmental Minute, 2014

A Review of the Mechanism of Injury and Treatment Approaches – The Scientific World Journal, 2013



Mark Hyman, M.D. 

Dr. Hyman is the medical director of the Cleveland Clinic’s Center for Functional Medicine. He has suffered illness symptoms from a mold exposure in his home and discusses the topic of recovering from mold illness in Dave Asprey’s 2015 movie “Moldy.”


Moldy Movie – 2015



Lysander Jim, M.D.

Dr. Jim hosts a podcast show called Heal from Mold, which has featured interviews with several Shoemaker certified doctors.


Heal from Mold


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Chris Kresser, M.S., L.Ac.

Chris Kresser is a medical practitioner producing a popular health blog and podcast series. He became interested in mold illness after experiencing symptoms himself and has featured several interviews and articles on the topic.


Interview with Dr. Dale Bredesen – 2016

Interview with Dr. Ritchie Shoemaker – 2016

Interview with Mold Professional Mike Schrantz – 2016

Interview with Dr. Ritchie Shoemaker – 2015

5 Things You Should Know About Toxic Mold Illness – 2015

5 Causes of Fatigue Your Doctor May Not Be Looking For – 2015


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Vincent Marinkovich, M.D.

Dr. Marinkovich, an immunologist practicing at Stanford Medical School, was one of the first doctors to consider the negative of building mold on humans. He was the author of a 2004 journal paper on the topic.  His low-mold diet focuses on avoidance of fungi themselves (such as are present in cheese, wine, beer and other aged foods) rather than mycotoxins, and may be helpful for those patients with allergic reactions to mold. He died in 2007 of gall bladder cancer.


Obituary – 2007

“Fungal Hypersensitivity” – Advances in Applied Microbiology, 2004

Dietary Summary



Alan McDaniel, M.D.

Dr. McDaniel wrote an article considering explanations for why patients may become hyperreactive to mold and mold toxins for the established alternative medicine journal Townsend Letter.


Fungus Allergy and Hypersensitivity – Townsend Letter, 2016


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Scott McMahon, M.D.

Dr. McMahon is a Shoemaker Certified physician with a particular interest in treating children. He was featured in Dave Asprey’s 2015 movie “Moldy” and gave a talk on the differences between adult and pediatric patients with regard to mold illness symptoms.


Mold Illness Made Simple – 2017

Moldy Movie – 2015

CIRS: Adults vs. Peds – Surviving Mold Conference, 2014


Joseph Mercola

Joseph Mercola, D.O. 

Dr. Mercola has written about the dangers of environmental mold toxins on many occasions on his popular natural health blog.


Documentary Reveals the Hazards of Toxic Mold – 2015

Suzanne Somers Reveals How to Heal From Toxic Overload – 2015

Important Advice Post-Flooding – 2012

Dr. Mercola Interviews Dr. Shoemaker  – 2012

How to Recover from Toxic Mold Exposure  – 2011

Dr. Jim Pearson on the Dangers of Mold Exposure – 2011

Why Almost All Sinus Infections are Misdiagnosed and Mistreated – 2011

Mold: The Common Toxin – 2011

Dr. Thrasher on the Health Dangers of Molds – 2011

The Ugly Invaders Which Can Make You Sick – 2011

Dr. Mercola Interviews Mold Expert Dr. Doris Rapp – 2011

Are Christmas Trees a Source of Indoor Mold? – 2007



Amy Myers, M.D.

Dr. Myers – author of the best-selling book series The Myers Way – suffered a mold exposure that harmed her own health and has discussed mold issues in several interviews and articles.


Toxic Mold Exposure – Underground Wellness, 2015

Mold Toxicity and Mycotoxins Exposure – SCD Lifestyle, 2014

The Myers Way: Mycotoxins – Amy Myers M.D., 2013


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Sarah Myhill, M.B. B.S.

Dr. Myhill is a physician treating ME and CFS patients in the UK. She wrote an article about the topic of mould sensitivity for her popular treatment-oriented website.


Mould Sensitivity – Doctor Myhill


Lisa Nagy

Lisa Nagy, M.D.

Dr. Nagy became ill from a mold exposure and now treats patients with mold and chemical sensitivities in her medical practice. She was interviewed by White House Chronicle in 2017 and by Better Health Guy in 2018.


Environmental Medicine – Better Health Guy, 2018

Is Your Environment Making You Sick? – White House Chronicle, 2017

Mold and Marital Discord – EI Resource, 2009

Link Between Depression and Mold – EI Resource, 2009

Neurological and Immunological Problems – EI Resource, 2009

Salem Witch Trials All Over Again – The Human Ecologist, 2008

Crazy From the Mold – Martha’s Vineyard Times, 2006


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Neil Nathan, M.D.

Dr. Nathan  is a physician who has spent many years focusing on difficult-to-treat chronic illness cases. His book Mold and Mycotoxins: Current Evaluation and Treatment provides a good overview of issues involved. He (along with co-authors Wayne Anderson, N.D., and Scott Forsgren) wrote an article on the topic in 2014 for Townsend Letter.  He also runs a yearly conference educating clinicians and patients about the topic of mold illness.


Cutting Edge Medicine – Better Health Guy, 2017

Mold and Chronic Health Conditions – Wellness for Life, 2017

Diagnosis and Treatment of Mold Toxicity – Conference, 2016

Mold and Mycotoxins – 2016

Mold and Mycotoxins – Townsend Letter, 2014


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Dave Ou, M.D.

Dr. Ou is an integrative and Shoemaker certified physician using a wide variety of treatment modalities to treat mold illness and a number of other issues. He participated in an interview with Better Health Guy in 2017.


Recovering from Lyme Disease and Mold Illness – Better Health Guy, 2017

The Genetics of CIRS – Dr. Dave Ou, 2012


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Mehmet Oz, M.D.

Dr. Oz featured mold illness a few times in recent years on his popular television program.

A popular Paradigm Change blog article discussing the 2015 program is called “Dr. Oz Tackles the Topic of ‘Mold Poisoning’: How’d He Do with It?”

A transcript of the program also is on the Paradgim Change site.


Is Toxic Mold Growing In Your Home? – Dr. Oz, 2016

Protect Your Family From Mold Poisoning – Dr. Oz, 2015


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Raj Patel, M.D.

Dr. Patel is a physician who treats Lyme disease as well as mold illness issues. He was interviewed by Scott Forsgren of Better Health Guy in 2012.


Dealing with Lyme Disease and Mold Illness – Lyme, 2017

Beyond Lyme Disease – Better Health Guy, 2017

Treatment for Mold Illness – Interview with Scott Forsgren, 2012


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Sonia Rapaport, M.D.

Dr. Rapaport is a physician who treats mold illness patients in North Carolina.


Environmentally Acquired Illness (Part 1) – International Conference on Chronic Pathologies, Belgium, 2017

Environmentally Acquired Illness (Part 2) – International Conference on Chronic Pathologies, Belgium, 2017

A New Understanding of Inflammation – The Cutting Edge of Health and Wellness, 2016

Understanding and Treating CIRS – Surviving Mold Conference, 2014


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William Rea, M.D.

Dr. Rea is an environmental health physician who treats mold illness issues in his practice. He was featured in the 2015 movie “Moldy.”


Moldy Movie – 2015

Mold and Mycotoxins – EHC Website


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Amy Shah, M.D.

Dr. Shah is a physician with an interest in mold issues who was interviewed by Dave Asprey in 2015.


Toxic Mold – Bulletproof, 2015


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Ann Shippy, M.D.

Dr. Shippy is the author of a patient-oriented workbook on toxic mold and participated in an interview on the topic.


Indoor Toxins Thrive in Winter – Mind Body Green, 2018

Hidden Environmental Toxin – Mind Body Green, 2017

When the Root Cause is Mold – Winter of Wellness, 2017

Mold Toxicity Workbook – 2016



Ritchie Shoemaker, M.D.

A high percentage of the clinical and research medical knowledge about the role of toxic mold in neurological and immune system illness continues to be based on the work of Dr. Ritchie Shoemaker, a pioneer in the field who has written several books on the topic. He and several other doctors are interviewed in Suzanne Somers’ 2015 book Tox-Sick. His website, Surviving Mold, is a good starting point for anyone who wants to obtain a strong grasp of the topic. Several interviews and a video series also provide good overviews of Dr. Shoemaker’s thinking.


CIRS Treatment Protocol – 2017

Research Update – IAQ Radio, 2017

Heal from Mold – Heal from Mold Podcast, 2017

CIRS (Part 2) – The PM&R Podcast, 2016

CIRS (Part 1) – The PM&R Podcast, 2016

Pioneer in CIRS (Video) – Self Hacked, 2016

Pioneer in CIRS (Transcript) – Self Hacked, 2016

Genomic Testing – Chris Kresser, 2016

Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome – Chris Kresser, 2015

Moldy Movie – 2015

Mold and How It May Be Harming Your Health – Tox-Sick, 2015

A Conversation – Moldy Movie, 2015

A Special Interview – Lyme Disease Association of Australia, 2015

CIRS: From Anomaly to Paradigm – Surviving Mold Conference, 2014

A Brainstorming Session – Bulletproof, 2014

Mold Toxicity – The Cutting Edge of Health and Wellness, 2014

Dr. Andrew Heyman Speaks with Dr. Ritchie Shoemaker – Metabolic Medical Institute, 2014

Effective Strategies – Mercola, 2012

When Antibiotics Don’t Work – PHA, 2007

Video Series

Surviving Mold


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Dr. Mary Short-Ray, D.O.

Dr. Short-Ray became ill after a particularly problematic mold exposure about ten years ago. She wrote an easy-to-understand book on the topic and now treats patients with the illness.


Surviving Toxic Black Mold Syndrome – 2007


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Rick Sponaugle, M.D.

Dr. Sponaugle has treated many mold illness patients and is interviewed in Suzanne Somers’ 2013 book Bombshell. He also gave a presentation on the brain effects of mold and Lyme.


Why Is Black Mold Dangerous – June 7, 2018

Lyme Disease and Mold Toxicity – November 10, 2016

Mold, Toxins and Chemicals – Bombshell, 2013



Adrienne Sprouse, M.D.

Dr. Sprouse treats environmental illness patients and made a short video on the topic of mold illness in 2013.


Mold – Your Environmental Minute, 2013


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Judy Tsafrir, M.D.

Dr. Tsafrir, a psychiatrist, wrote about how mold exposures can lead to psychological symptoms in a blog article in 2016.


Toxic Mold &  Psychiatric Symptoms – Judy Tsafrir M.D., 2016


Dr. John Whitcomb, M.D.

Dr. Whitcomb is a physician practicing in Wisconsin. He gave a presentation on mold illness in 2017.


The Hidden Dangers of Mold – MD Custom RV, 2017.

Explaining Biotoxin Illness – 2017


Karen Wright

Karen Wright, M.S.

Karen Wright is a naturopath who wrote a book on mold hypersensitivity, called Is It Mold? A Holistic Approach to Managing A Commonly Overlooked Condition. 


It It Mold? – 2014



Links on this page are in orange (no underlining).