Health Effects of Stachybotrys Chartarum – Alveolar Issues



This page lists medical journal articles discussing alveolar issues associated with Stachybotrys exposures.

The Health Effects of Stachybotrys Chartarum page of the Paradigm Change site provides further information on the effects of this toxic mold.


Rand TG, Mahoney M, White K, Oulton M. Microanatomical changes in alveolar type II cells in juvenile mice intratracheally exposed to Stachybotrys chartarum spores and toxin. Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology. 2002;65:239–245. PMID: 11812928

This study evaluated the effects of a single intratracheal exposure of S. chartarum spores and toxin on ultrastructure and dimensions of alveolar type II cells from juvenile mice. These results reveal that exposure to S. chartarum spores and toxin elicit cellular responses in vivo differently from those associated with exposure to spores of a nontoxigenic mold species. They also indicate that accumulation of newly secreted pulmonary surfactant in the alveolar space of S. chartarum and isosatratoxin-F treated animals might be a consequence of cellular trauma resulting in lamellar body volume density changes leading to increased release of pulmonary surfactant into the alveolar space.


Mason CD, Rand TG, Oulton M, MacDonald J, Anthes M. Effects of Stachybotrys chartarum on surfactant convertase activity in juvenile mice. Toxicology and applied pharmacology. 2001;172:21–28. PMID: 11264019

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of S. chartarum spores on mouse H and LB convertase activity by measuring their rates of conversion to L(vivo) using the in vitro surface area cycling technique. These results show that S. chartarum spores significantly alter convertase activity in both the H and LB surfactant fractions in juvenile mice and that these changes can be related to changes in protein and phospholipid concentrations in alveolar lavage fractions. These results further support our position that inhalation exposure to S. chartarum spores in exposed individuals may lead to altered surfactant metabolism, and possibly to lung dysfunction through diminished alveolar surfactant surface tension attributes, and lung stability.


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