Health Effects of Moldy Buildings – Skin Issues



This page lists medical journal articles discussing the relationship between skin issues and moldy buildings.

The Health Effects of Moldy Buildings page of the Paradigm Change site provides further information on this topic.


Cai J, Liu W, Hu Y, Zou Z, Shen L, Huang C. Associations between home dampness-related exposures and childhood eczema among 13,335 preschool children in Shanghai, China: A cross-sectional study. Environ Res. 2016 Apr;146:18-26. PMID: 26708528

From April 2011 to April 2012, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Shanghai, China. Six dampness-related indicators (visible moldspots, visible damp stains, damp bed clothing, water damage, window pane condensation, and moldy odor) were used to evaluate home dampness-related exposures. The dampness-related indicators were robustly associated and dose-response related with increased risk of eczema ever and in the last 12 months.


Lee JH, Lee HS, Park MR, Lee SW, Kim EH, Cho JB, Kim J, Han Y, Jung K, Cheong HK, Lee SI, Ahn K. Relationship between indoor air pollutant levels and residential environment in children with atopic dermatitis. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2014 Nov;6(6):517-24. PMID: 25374751

This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between indoor air pollutant levels and residential environment in children with atopic dermatitis (AD) living in Seoul. The authors concluded that to alleviate AD symptoms, simple questions about residential environments such as visible fungus on the walls are helpful.


Kim HY, Jung YH, Hong K, Hong SJ. Gene-environment interaction between Toll-like receptor 4 and mold exposure in the development of atopic dermatitis in preschool children. Allergy Asthma Respir Dis. 2013: 1(2), 129-137.

Genetic factors and environmental exposures are recognized as important risk factors for atopic dermatitis (AD) in children. This investigation identified that mold exposure is potential risk factor for AD in preschool children. Parental history of AD and mold exposure during infancy and the last 12 months had synergistic effect on high prevalence of AD. We identified that mold exposure and TLR4 polymorphism have an effect on the development of atopic dermatitis.


Claeson AS, Nordin S, Sunesson AL. Effects on perceived air quality and symptoms of exposure to microbially produced metabolites and compounds emitted from damp building materials. Indoor Air. 2009 Apr;19(2):102-12. PMID: 19077173

This study showed that exposure to high levels of VOC emitted from damp building materials and a mixture of mold may cause perceived poor air quality. It also indicated that stimulation of chemical warning systems (the nasal chemosensory part of the trigeminal system and the olfactory system) may enhance skin symptoms.


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