Aflatoxin Literature: Infections

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Jolly PE, Akinyemiju TF, Jha M, Aban I, Gonzalez-Falero A, Joseph D. Temporal Variation and Association of Aflatoxin B₁ Albumin-Adduct Levels with Socio-Economic and Food Consumption Factors in HIV Positive Adults. Toxins (Basel). 2015 Nov 30;7(12):5129-40. PMID: 26633502

Jolly Pauline E. Aflatoxin: does it contribute to an increase in HIV viral load? Future Microbiology, 2014 February; 9:121-4.

Jolly PE, Inusah S, Lu B, Ellis WO, Nyarko A, Phillips TD, Williams JH. Association Between High Aflatoxin B1 Levels and High Viral Load in HIV-Positive People. World Mycotoxin Journal, 2013; July 22.

Abia Wilfred A., Warth Benedikt, Sulyok Michael, et al. Bio-monitoring of mycotoxin exposure in Cameroon using a urinary multi-biomarker approach. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association. 2013;62:927–934.

Obuseh Francis A., Jolly Pauline E., Kulczycki Andrzej, et al. Aflatoxin levels, plasma vitamins A and E concentrations, and their association with HIV and hepatitis B virus infections in Ghanaians: a cross-sectional study. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2011;14.

Jolly P. E., Shuaib F. M., Jiang Y., et al. Association of high viral load and abnormal liver function with high aflatoxin B1-albumin adduct levels in HIV-positive Ghanaians: preliminary observations. Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment. 2011;28:1224–1234.

Williams JH, Grubb JA, Davis JW, Wang JS, Jolly PE, Ankrah NA, Ellis WO, Afriyie-Gyawu E, Johnson NM, Robinson AG, Phillips TD. HIV and hepatocellular and esophageal carcinomas related to consumption of mycotoxin-prone foods in sub-Saharan Africa. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jul;92(1):154-60. PMID: 20484447

Kew Michael C.. Hepatocellular carcinoma in African Blacks: Recent progress in etiology and pathogenesis. World journal of hepatology. 2010;2:65–73.

Miombe Y, Dzamalala C, Chisi J, Othieno-Abinya N. Oesophageal cancer and Kaposi’s sarcoma in Malawi: a comparative analysis. Malawi Med J. 2009 June: 21(2): 66-8.

Jiang Yi, Jolly Pauline E., Preko Peter, et al. Aflatoxin-related immune dysfunction in health and in human immunodeficiency virus disease. Clinical & developmental immunology. 2008;2008.

Williams Jonathan H., Phillips Timothy D., Jolly Pauline E., Stiles Jonathan K., Jolly Curtis M., Aggarwal Deepak. Human aflatoxicosis in developing countries: a review of toxicology, exposure, potential health consequences, and interventions. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2004;80:1106–1122.

Hendrickse R. G.. Of sick turkeys, kwashiorkor, malaria, perinatal mortality, heroin addicts and food poisoning: research on the influence of aflatoxins on child health in the tropics. Annals of tropical medicine and parasitology. 1997;91:787–793.

Yao Y., Hoffer A., Chang C. Y., Puga A.. Dioxin activates HIV-1 gene expression by an oxidative stress pathway requiring a functional cytochrome P450 CYP1A1 enzyme. Environmental health perspectives. 1995;103:366–371.



Mosovská S., Mikulásová M., Brindzová L., Valík L., Mikusová L.. Genotoxic and antimutagenic activities of extracts from pseudocereals in the Salmonella mutagenicity assay. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association. 2010;48:1483–1487.

Kubena L. F., Bailey R. H., Byrd J. A., et al. Cecal volatile fatty acids and broiler chick susceptibility to Salmonella typhimurium colonization as affected by aflatoxins and T-2 toxin. Poultry science. 2001;80:411–417.

Said B., Ross M. K., Hamade A. K., Matsumoto D. C., Shank R. C.. DNA-damaging effects of genotoxins in mixture: nonadditive effects of aflatoxin B1 and N-acetylaminofluorene on their mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium. Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology. 1999;52:226–231.

Miyazawa M., Okuno Y., Oshiro K., et al. Suppression of the SOS-inducing activity of Trp-P-1 and aflatoxin B1 by meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid from Machilus thunbergii in the Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002 umu test. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry. 1998;62:1425–1427.

Mejía E., Ramos-Gómez M., Loarca-Piña G.. Antimutagenic activity of natural xanthophylls against aflatoxin B1 in Salmonella typhimurium. Environmental and molecular mutagenesis. 1997;30:346–353.

Loarca-Piña G., Kuzmicky P. A., Mejía E., Kado N. Y., Hsieh D. P.. Antimutagenicity of ellagic acid against aflatoxin B1 in the Salmonella microsuspension assay. Mutation research. 1996;360:15–21.

Choi M. J., Lee J. W., Lee B. M.. Comparative assessment of DNA adduct formation, Salmonella mutagenicity, and chromosome aberration assays as short-term tests for DNA damage. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. 1996;49:271–284.

Young H. S., Chung H. Y., Lee C. K., Park K. Y., Yokozawa T., Oura H.. Ursolic acid inhibits aflatoxin B1-induced mutagenicity in a Salmonella assay system. Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin. 1994;17:990–992.

Simula T. P., Glancey M. J., Wolf C. R.. Human glutathione S-transferase-expressing Salmonella typhimurium tester strains to study the activation/detoxification of mutagenic compounds: studies with halogenated compounds, aromatic amines and aflatoxin B1. Carcinogenesis. 1993;14:1371–1376.

Ziprin R. L., Elissalde M. H.. Effect of T-2 toxin on resistance to systemic Salmonella typhimurium infection of newly hatched chickens. American journal of veterinary research. 1990;51:1869–1872.

Tiwari R. P., Singh G., Jain N. K., Singh J., Vadehra D. V.. Effect of nutritional factors on aflatoxin B1 inhibition of growth in Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi. Folia microbiologica. 1988;33:15–20.

Mandal S., Ahuja A., Shivapurkar N. M., Cheng S. J., Groopman J. D., Stoner G. D.. Inhibition of aflatoxin B1 mutagenesis in Salmonella typhimurium and DNA damage in cultured rat and human tracheobronchial tissues by ellagic acid. Carcinogenesis. 1987;8:1651–1656.

Yourtee D. M., Kirk-Yourtee C. L., Searles S.. Stereochemical effect in the mutagenicity of the aflatoxicols toward Salmonella typhimurium. Life sciences. 1987;41:1795–1803.

Yourtee D. M., Kirk-Yourtee C. L., Searles S.. The direct mutagenicity of aflatoxin B1 and metabolites to Salmonella typhimurium: structure mutagenicity relationships and mechanisms of action. Research communications in chemical pathology and pharmacology. 1987;57:55–76.

Jorgensen K. V., Clayton J. W., Price R. L.. Evaluation of aflatoxin B1 mutagenesis: addition of glutathione and glutathione-S-transferase to the Salmonella mutagenicity assay. Environmental mutagenesis. 1987;9:411–419.

Yourtee D. M., Kirk-Yourtee C. L.. The mutagenicity of aflatoxin Q1 to Salmonella typhimurium TA 100 with or without rat or human liver microsomal preparations. Research communications in chemical pathology and pharmacology. 1986;54:101–113.

Ozawa N., Watabe T., Yoshimura H., Koga N., Shudo K.. Effect of liver S9 from 3,4,5,3’,4’-pentachlorobiphenyl-pretreated rats on the mutagenic activity of the various carcinogens toward Salmonella typhimurium TA 98. Journal of pharmacobio-dynamics. 1985;8:199–205.

Israel-Kalinsky H., Malca-Mor L., Stark A. A.. Comparative aflatoxin B1 mutagenesis of Salmonella typhimurium TA 100 in metabolic and photoactivation systems. Cancer research. 1984;44:1831–1839.

Stark A. A., Giroux C. N.. Mutagenicity and cytotoxicity of the carcinogen-mutagen aflatoxin B1 in Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus) and Salmonella typhimurium: dependence on DNA repair functions. Mutation research. 1982;106:195–208.

Israel-Kalinsky H., Tuch J., Roitelman J., Stark A. A.. Photoactivated aflatoxins are mutagens to Salmonella typhimurium and bind covalently to DNA in vitro. Carcinogenesis. 1982;3:423–429.

Coulombe R. A., Shelton D. W., Sinnhuber R. O., Nixon J. E.. Comparative mutagenicity of aflatoxins using a Salmonella/trout hepatic enzyme activation system. Carcinogenesis. 1982;3:1261–1264.

Wheeler L., Halula M., Demeo M.. A comparison of aflatoxin B1-induced cytotoxicity, mutagenicity and prophage induction in Salmonella typhimurium mutagen tester strains TA1535, TA1538, TA98 and TA100. Mutation research. 1981;83:39–48.

Malaveille C., Brun G., Hautefeuille A., Bartsch H.. Effect of glutathione and uridine 5’-diphosphoglucuronic acid on mutagenesis by benzo[a]pyrene and aflatoxin B1 in the Salmonella/microsome assay. Mutation research. 1981;83:15–24.

Raina V., Gurtoo H. L., Berrigan M., Paigen B.. Genetic dependence of hepatic microsome-mediated depression of aflatoxin B1 activation to mutagens in Ames Salmonella typhimurium TA-98 system. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 1980;94:737–743.

Uwaifo A. O., Bababunmi E. A.. The reduced mutagenicity of aflatoxin B1 due to hydroxylation: observations on five Salmonella typhimurium tester strains. Cancer letters. 1979;7:221–225.

Stark A. A., Essigmann J. M., Demain A. L., Skopek T. R., Wogan G. N.. Aflatoxin B1 mutagenesis, DNA binding, and adduct formation in Salmonella typhimurium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1979;76:1343–1347.

Wehner F. C., Thiel P. G., Rensburg S. J., Demasius I. P.. Mutagenicity to Salmonella typhimurium of some Aspergillus and Penicillium mycotoxins. Mutation research. 1978;58:193–203.

Coles B. F., Smith J. R., Garner R. C.. Mutagenicity of 3a,8a-dihydrofuro[2,3-b]benzofuran, a model of aflatoxin B1, for Salmonella typhimurium TA100. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 1977;76:888–892.

Wyatt R. D., Hamilton P. B.. Interaction between aflatoxicosis and a natural infection of chickens with Salmonella. Applied microbiology. 1975;30:870–872.

Garner R. C., Miller E. C., Miller J. A.. Liver microsomal metabolism of aflatoxin B 1 to a reactive derivative toxic to Salmonella typhimurium TA 1530. Cancer research. 1972;32:2058–2066.

Smith J. W., Prince W. R., Hamilton P. B.. Relationship of aflatoxicosis to Salmonella gallinarum infections of chickens. Applied microbiology. 1969;18:946–947.


Viral Hepatitis

Alavian SM, Haghbin H. Relative Importance of Hepatitis B and C Viruses in Hepatocellular Carcinoma in EMRO Countries and the Middle East: A Systematic Review. Hepat Mon. 2016 Mar 6;16(3):e35106. PMID: 27226803

Shimakawa Y, Lemoine M, Njai HF, Bottomley C, Ndow G, Goldin RD, Jatta A, Jeng-Barry A, Wegmuller R, Moore SE, Baldeh I, Taal M, D’Alessandro U, Whittle H, Njie R, Thursz M, Mendy M. Natural history of chronic HBV infection in West Africa: a longitudinal population-based study from The Gambia. Gut. 2016 Dec;65(12):2007-2016. PMID: 26185161

Villar Stéphanie, Le Roux-Goglin Emilie, Gouas Doriane A., et al. Seasonal variation in TP53 R249S-mutated serum DNA with aflatoxin exposure and hepatitis B virus infection. Environmental health perspectives. 2011;119:1635–1640.

Mizrak Dilşa, Engin Başak, Onder Fatih Oğuz O., et al. Aflatoxin exposure in viral hepatitis patients in Turkey. The Turkish journal of gastroenterology : the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology. 2009;20:192–197.

Groopman John D., Johnson Denise, Kensler Thomas W.. Aflatoxin and hepatitis B virus biomarkers: a paradigm for complex environmental exposures and cancer risk. Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers. 2005;1:5–14.

Madden Charles R., Finegold Milton J., Slagle Betty L.. Altered DNA mutation spectrum in aflatoxin b1-treated transgenic mice that express the hepatitis B virus x protein. Journal of virology. 2002;76:11770–11774.

Barraud L., Douki T., Guerret S., et al. The role of duck hepatitis B virus and aflatoxin B1 in the induction of oxidative stress in the liver. Cancer detection and prevention. 2001;25:192–201.

Turner P. C., Mendy M., Whittle H., Fortuin M., Hall A. J., Wild C. P.. Hepatitis B infection and aflatoxin biomarker levels in Gambian children. Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH. 2000;5:837–841.

Barraud L., Guerret S., Chevallier M., et al. Enhanced duck hepatitis B virus gene expression following aflatoxin B1 exposure. Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.). 1999;29:1317–1323.

Gemechu-Hatewu M., Platt K. L., Oesch F., Hacker H. J., Bannasch P., Steinberg P.. Metabolic activation of aflatoxin B1 to aflatoxin B1-8,9-epoxide in woodchucks undergoing chronic active hepatitis. International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. 1997;73:587–591.

Diallo M. S., Sylla A., Sidibé K., Sylla B. S., Trepo C. R., Wild C. P.. Prevalence of exposure to aflatoxin and hepatitis B and C viruses in Guinea, West Africa. Natural toxins. 1995;3:6–9.

Sandhu B. S., Singh H., Singh B.. Pathological studies in broiler chicks fed aflatoxin or ochratoxin and inoculated with inclusion body hepatitis virus singly and in concurrence. Veterinary research communications. 1995;19:27–37.

Singh H., Singh B., Roy K. S., Singh B.. Histochemical/histoenzymic studies in broiler chicks fed aflatoxin, ochratoxin and inoculated with inclusion body hepatitis virus singly and in concurrence. Mycopathologia. 1994;125:119–128.

Kirby G. M., Chemin I., Montesano R., Chisari F. V., Lang M. A., Wild C. P.. Induction of specific cytochrome P450s involved in aflatoxin B1 metabolism in hepatitis B virus transgenic mice. Molecular carcinogenesis. 1994;11:74–80.

Wild C. P., Fortuin M., Donato F., et al. Aflatoxin, liver enzymes, and hepatitis B virus infection in Gambian children. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 1993;2:555–561.

Allen S. J., Wild C. P., Wheeler J. G., et al. Aflatoxin exposure, malaria and hepatitis B infection in rural Gambian children. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1992;86:426–430.

Yeh F. S., Yu M. C., Mo C. C., Luo S., Tong M. J., Henderson B. E.. Hepatitis B virus, aflatoxins, and hepatocellular carcinoma in southern Guangxi, China. Cancer research. 1989;49:2506–2509.

Uchida T., Suzuki K., Esumi M., Arii M., Shikata T.. Influence of aflatoxin B1 intoxication on duck livers with duck hepatitis B virus infection. Cancer research. 1988;48:1559–1565.

De Flora S., Camoirano A., Romano M., Astengo M., Cesarone C. F., Millman I.. Metabolism of mutagens and carcinogens in woodchuck liver and its relationship with hepatitis virus infection. Cancer research. 1987;47:4052–4058.

Ngindu A., Johnson B. K., Kenya P. R., et al. Outbreak of acute hepatitis caused by aflatoxin poisoning in Kenya. Lancet. 1982;1:1346–1348.

Tandon H. D., Tandon B. N., Ramalingaswami V.. Epidemic of toxic hepatitis in India of possible mycotoxic origin. Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine. 1978;102:372–376.

Epidemic of hepatitis in man due to aflatoxicosis. Nutrition reviews. 1976;34:45–46.

Krishnamachari K. A., Bhat R. V., Nagarajan V., Tilak T. B.. Hepatitis due to aflatoxicosis. An outbreak in Western India. Lancet. 1975;1:1061–1063.

Sen S.. Aflatoxin hepatitis (an experimental comparative study). Journal of the Indian Medical Association. 1974;62:147–151.

Lin J. J., Liu C., Svoboda D. J.. Long term effects of aflatoxin B1 and viral hepatitis on marmoset liver. A preliminary report. Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology. 1974;30:267–278.

Serck-Hanssen A.. Aflatoxin-induced fatal hepatitis? A case report from Uganda. Archives of environmental health. 1970;20:729–731.

Wilson B. J., Teer P. A., Barney G. H., Blood F. R.. Relationship of aflatoxin to epizootics of toxic hepatitis among animals in southern United States. American journal of veterinary research. 1967;28:1217–1230.


Other Infections

Accardi R, Gruffat H, Sirand C, Fusil F, Gheit T, Hernandez-Vargas H, Le Calvez-Kelm F, Traverse-Glehen A, Cosset FL, Manet E, Wild CP, Tommasino M. The mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 stimulates Epstein-Barr virus-induced B-cell transformation in in vitro and in vivo experimental models. Carcinogenesis. 2015 Nov;36(11):1440-51. PMID: 26424750

Umar S, Younus M, Muti Ur Rehman, Aslam A, Shah MA, Munir MT, Hussain S, Iqbal F, Fiaz M, Ullah S. Role of aflatoxin toxicity on transmissibility and pathogenicity of H9N2 avian influenza virus in turkeys. Avian Pathol. 2015;44(4):305-10. PMID: 25932659

Ellakany Hany F., Abuakkada Somaia S., Oda Samah S., El-Sayed Yasser Said S.. Influence of low levels of dietary aflatoxins on Eimeria tenella infections in broilers. Tropical animal health and production. 2011;43:249–257.

Toulah Fawzia H.. Effect of aflatoxin on the coccidial infection in broilers. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 2007;37:785–792.

Herzog-Soares Joanna D’Arc D., Freire Ronald Bastos B.. Effect of citrinin and in association with aflatoxin B(1) on the infectivity and proliferation of Toxoplasma gondii in vitro. The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases. 2004;8:101–108.

Montero Regina, Serrano Luis, Dávila Víctor M., Ito Akira, Plancarte Agustín. Infection of rats with Taenia taeniformis metacestodes increases hepatic CYP450, induces the activity of CYP1A1, CYP2B1 and COH isoforms and increases the genotoxicity of the procarcinogens benzo[a]pyrene, cyclophosphamide and aflatoxin B(1). Mutagenesis. 2003;18:211–216.

Abdel-Tawab A. H., Alahmadawy B. A., Hafez A. H., et al. Parasitological effects of simultaneous infections induced by Schistosoma mansoni and aflatoxin B1 in Syrian golden hamsters. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 1999;29:1017–1030.

Awadalla S. F.. Influence of dietary aflatoxin on the severity of coccidial infection in quails. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 1998;28:437–447.

Gabal M. A., Azzam A. H.. Interaction of aflatoxin in the feed and immunization against selected infectious diseases in poultry. II. Effect on one-day-old layer chicks simultaneously vaccinated against Newcastle disease, infectious bronchitis and infectious bursal disease. Avian pathology : journal of the W.V.P.A. 1998;27:290–295.

Habib S., Sheweita S., Awad A., Mashaal N., Soliman A., Mostafa M.. Influence of Schistosoma mansoni infection on carcinogen-metabolizing capacities and in vitro aflatoxin B-1 metabolism in human liver. Oncology reports. 1996;3:769–773.

Rao J. R., Sharma N. N., Johri T. S.. Influence of dietary aflatoxin on Eimeria uzura infection in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Veterinary parasitology. 1995;56:17–22.

Kirby G. M., Pelkonen P., Vatanasapt V., Camus A. M., Wild C. P., Lang M. A.. Association of liver fluke (Opisthorchis viverrini) infestation with increased expression of cytochrome P450 and carcinogen metabolism in male hamster liver. Molecular carcinogenesis. 1994;11:81–89.

Shekhar K. C.. Tropical gastrointestinal disease: hepatosplenic schistosomiasis–pathological, clinical and treatment review. Singapore medical journal. 1994;35:616–621.

Somvanshi R., Mohanty G. C., Kataria J. M., Verma K. C.. Ultrastructural studies on interaction of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) and aflatoxin B1 on chick embryo fibroblast cell culture. Indian journal of experimental biology. 1992;30:327–333.

Batra P., Pruthi A. K., Sadana J. R.. Effect of aflatoxin B1 on the efficacy of turkey herpesvirus vaccine against Marek’s disease. Research in veterinary science. 1991;51:115–119.

Venturini M. C., Perfumo C. J., Risso M. A., et al. Effect of aflatoxin B1 on resistance induced by Bordetella bronchiseptica vaccine in rabbits. Veterinary microbiology. 1990;25:209–216.

Kuvaeva I. B., Boltianskaia E. V., Kroiakova E. A.. [The search for microorganisms sensitive to deoxynivalenol, zearalenone and aflatoxin B1]. Voprosy pitaniia. 1989:64–67.

Fasunon O. D., Uwaifo A. O.. Prophage induction by 4 antimalaria drugs (daraprim, fansidar, nivaquine and camoquine) and in combination with aflatoxin B1. Mutation research. 1989;222:311–316.

Henderson E. E., Franks C., Fronko G.. Chemical carcinogen Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) synergism: EBV genome amplification and site-specific mutation during transformation. International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. 1989;43:72–79.

Young R. H., Hendrickse R. G., Maxwell S. M., Maegraith B. G.. Influence of aflatoxin on malarial infection in mice. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1988;82:559–560.

Doerr J. A., Huff W. E., Hamilton P. B.. Increased sensitivity to staphylococcal beta hemolysins of erythrocytes from chickens during aflatoxicosis. Poultry science. 1987;66:1929–1933.

Whittaker B. L., Chipley J. R.. Interaction of aflatoxin B1 with bacterial DNA: possible relationship to bacteriophage induction in lysogenic Bacillus megaterium. Journal of environmental pathology, toxicology and oncology. 1986;6:295–304.

Leszczyszyn J.. [Growth of transplantable aflatoxin B1-induced mammary cancer in Wistar rats during treatment with BCG vaccine]. Patologia polska. 1986;37:222–236.

Hasler J. A., Siwela A. H., Nyathi C. B., Chetsanga C. J.. The effect of schistosomiasis on the activation of aflatoxin B1. Research communications in chemical pathology and pharmacology. 1986;51:421–424.

Auffray Y., Boutibonnes P.. Prophage induction and filamentation in Bacillus thuringiensis caused by the genotoxic mycotoxin aflatoxin B1. Mycopathologia. 1985;91:159–163.

Jakubowska D., Grzebieniak-Kopieczna E., MaŃecki A.. [Pathogenic role of aflatoxins in humans]. Przegla̧d lekarski. 1984;41:571–575.

Stark A. A., Giroux C. N.. Mutagenesis in Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) by transformation with DNA modified by the carcinogen-mutagen, aflatoxin B1. Mutation research. 1983;107:23–32.

Rascati R. J., McNeely M.. Induction of retrovirus gene expression by aflatoxin B1 and 2-acetylaminofluorene. Mutation research. 1983;122:235–241.

Witlock D. R., Wyatt R. D., Anderson W. I.. Relationship between Eimeria adenoeides infection and aflatoxicosis in turkey poults. Poultry science. 1982;61:1293–1297.

Chang C. F., Hamilton P. B.. Increased severity and new symptoms of infectious bursal disease during aflatoxicosis in broiler chickens. Poultry science. 1982;61:1061–1068.

Boulton S. L., Dick J. W., Hughes B. L.. Effects of dietary aflatoxin and ammonia-inactivated aflatoxin on Newcastle disease antibody titers in layer-breeders. Avian diseases. 1982;26:1–6.

Brown R. W., Pier A. C., Richard J. L., Krogstad R. E.. Effects of dietary aflatoxin on existing bacterial intramammary infections of dairy cows. American journal of veterinary research. 1981;42:927–933.

Joens L. A., Pier A. C., Cutlip R. C.. Effects of aflatoxin consumption on the clinical course of swine dysentery. American journal of veterinary research. 1981;42:1170–1172.

Gentile J. M., DeRuiter E.. Promutagen activation in parasite-infected organisms: preliminary observations with Fasciola hepatica-infected mice and aflatoxin B1. Toxicology letters. 1981;8:273–282.

Whittaker B. L., Chipley J. R.. Conditions for induction of bacteriophage from lysogenic Bacillus megaterium with aflatoxin B1. Applied and environmental microbiology. 1979;37:554–558.

Giambrone J. J., Partadiredja M., Eidson C. S., Kleven S. H., Wyatt R. D.. Interaction of aflatoxin with infectious bursal disease virus infection in young chickens. Avian diseases. 1978;22:431–439.

Garnett H. M.. Alterations in the expression of the cytomegalovirus-induced cytopathogenic effect in fibroblasts by aflatoxin B1. British journal of experimental pathology. 1978;59:640–643.

Dziuk H. E., Nelson G. H., Duke G. E., Maheswaran S. K., Chi M. S.. Acquired resistance in turkey poults to Pasteurella multocida (P-1059 strain) during aflatoxin consumption. Poultry science. 1978;57:1251–1254.

Ruff M. D.. Influence of dietary aflatoxin on the severity of Eimeria acervulina infection in broiler chickens. Avian diseases. 1978;22:471–480.

Baume S. R.. [Effect of aflatoxin B1, of some of its metabolites and of culture extracts from “Aspergillus parasiticus” on virulent bacteriophages (author’s transl)]. Annales de microbiologie. 1976;127:83–90.

Mathur C. F., Smith R. C., Hawkins G. E.. Growth and morphology of Streptococcus bovis and of mixed rumen bacteria in the presence of aflatoxin B1, in vitro. Journal of dairy science. 1976;59:455–458.

Edds G. T., Simpson C. F.. Cecal coccidiosis in poultry as affected by prior exposure to aflatoxin B1. American journal of veterinary research. 1976;37:65–68.

Edds G. T., Osuna O.. Aflatoxin B1 increases infectious disease losses in food animals. Proceedings, annual meeting of the United States Animal Health Association. 1976:434–441.

Wyatt R. D., Ruff M. D., Page R. K.. Interaction of aflatoxin with Eimeria tenella infection and monensin in young broiler chickens. Avian diseases. 1975;19:730–740.

Richard J. L., Thurston J. R., Deyoe B. L., Booth G. D.. Effect of ochratoxin and aflatoxin on serum proteins, complement activity, and antibody production to Brucella abortus in guinea pigs. Applied microbiology. 1975;29:27–29.

Larsen A. B., Cysewski S. J., Miller J. M.. Effect of aflatoxin on susceptibility of hamsters to Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. American journal of veterinary research. 1975;36:1545–1547.

Boonchuvit B., Hamilton P. B.. Interaction of aflatoxin and paratyphoid infections in broiler chickens. Poultry science. 1975;54:1567–1573.

Thurston J. R., Deyoe B. L., Baetz A. L., Richard J. L., Booth G. D.. Effect of aflatoxin on serum proteins, complement activity, and the antibody response to Brucella abortus in guinea pigs. American journal of veterinary research. 1974;35:1097–1100.

Edds G. T., Nair K. P., Simpson C. F.. Effect of aflatoxin B 1 on resistance in poultry against cecal coccidiosis and Marek’s disease. American journal of veterinary research. 1973;34:819–826.

Eka O. U.. Effect of aflatoxins on microorganisms. Zeitschrift für allgemeine Mikrobiologie. 1972;12:593–595.

Hamilton P. B., Harris J. R.. Interaction of aflatoxicosis with Candida albicans infections and other stresses in chickens. Poultry science. 1971;50:906–912.

Beuchat L. R., Lechowich R. V.. Morphological alterations in Bacillus megaterium as produced by aflatoxin B1. Applied microbiology. 1971;21:124–131.

Jemmali M.. [Inhibition of a virulent bacteriophage by aflatoxin B-1]. Annales de l’Institut Pasteur. 1969;116:288–291.

Lillehoj E. B., Ciegler A.. Aflatoxin B1 binding and toxic effects on Bacillus megaterium. Journal of general microbiology. 1968;54:185–194.

Jayaraman A., Herbst E. J., Ikawa M.. The bioassay of aflatoxins and related substances with Bacillus megaterium spores and chick embryos. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 1968;45:700–702.

Arai T., Ito T., Koyama Y.. Antimicrobial activity of aflatoxins. Journal of bacteriology. 1967;93:59–64.